Fast response

In only 15 percent of emergencies do bystanders begin resus­citation efforts before emergency medical services arrive. The chances of survival with immediate chest compressions are 50 percent. Every minute people wait to do this lowers the probability of survival by 10 percent. There is no hope after five minutes.

Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation

Tilt the head of the affected person backwards. Pinch the nose shut with the thumb and forefinger. Inhale normally. Deliver the inhaled air evenly into the affected person’s open mouth for one second. Always alternate: 30 chest compressions, 2 breaths.

Stopping nosebleeds

Bend the head forward to allow the blood to drain. This prevents it from being swallowed, which can cause nausea. It is also helpful to cool the neck and firmly squeeze the nostrils at times to stop the bleeding as quickly as possible.

Chest compressions for adults

Position the ball of one hand on the lower third of the sternum. Place the other hand on top. At the rate of 100 to 120 times per minute, compress the victim’s body five to six centimeters deep 30 times, then give rescue breaths.

How to recognize a stroke

Get help immediately! Call emergency services. In Germany, the number is 112. If someone cannot perform any of the follow three tasks, a stroke is suspected. Provide this information when calling emergency services.

Task 1 – Facial expressions: Speak to the affected person and ask them to smile. A drooping corner of the mouth, recognizable by a crooked grin, may indicate a stroke.

Task 2 – Arms: When paralyzed, the affected person cannot raise both arms with palms up. They will lower their arms again or turn their palms back down.

Task 3 – Speech: Talk to the affected per­son. If their speech is slurred or choppy, it may be a sign of a stroke. They may also have trouble finding words.

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